There is a solution to this puzzle on Wikipedia.
At a musical recital five students (John, Kate, Larry, Mary and Nick) performed five musical pieces. Two by Bach, two by Mozart and one by Vivaldi. There were three violinists and two pianists. Each student performed only one piece, and played only one instrument. Find the order of the students, their respective instruments and the composer, with the following conditions:
1. The composers were not played consecutively. Vivaldi was played last and Mozart was played first.
2. There was one piano piece that was played between two violin pieces, and two violin pieces between the first and last piano piece.
3. There were no piano pieces by Mozart.
4. Kate played third.
5. John played a piece by Mozart, and was immediately followed by Nick, who played the piano.
6. Mary did not play a piece by Vivaldi.
Take a piece of fruit from the “apples and oranges” crate. If it’s an apple then you know that is the “apples” crate since ALL THE CRATES ARE LABELED INCORRECTLY. This means the crate marked “apples” must be “oranges” and the crate marked “oranges” must be “apples and oranges”.
You ask “In which of those two directions do you live?”
A Citizens of the City of Lies will point to the City of Truth
A Citizens of the City of Truth will point to the City of Truth
by Tim Harding
Argument from false or misleading authority, is a logical fallacy which provides an argument from authority, but on a topic outside of the particular authority’s expertise. In such cases, the argument in question is not backed by the required degree of expertise and therefore the conclusion is unreliable.
Examples of this can often be found in the media, where lazy journalists obtain opinions on an issue from a willing and available ‘prominent person’, or worse still a show business or sporting celebrity; despite the prominent person or celebrity having no qualifications or expertise on the topic.
An instance of this fallacy was in the media coverage of the visit to Australia of the vociferous climate change denier, Viscount Monckton, an hereditary peer from the UK (but who is not a member of the House of Lords). Whilst Monckton may claim some knowledge of mathematics, he is not a climate scientist. (He has an MA in classics and a diploma in journalism studies). It is most unlikely that he would have received anywhere near as much media coverage if he was not a titled member of the British aristocracy.