A paradox is a statement that apparently contradicts itself and yet might be true (or false at the same time). It can also consist of two or more propositions, each of which, when considered alone, is supported by apparently sound arguments but which, when considered together, turn out to be mutually contradictory.[1]

This page also lists some dilemmas. A dilemma (Greekδίλημμα “double proposition“) is a problem offering two possibilities, neither of which is unambiguously acceptable or preferable.


[1] Stent, G. S. (2002) Paradoxes of free will American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia.

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One response to “Paradoxes

  1. From ChatGPT-4: A paradox is a statement, proposition, or situation that seems to be self-contradictory, logically inconsistent, or absurd, but upon further investigation, might express a deeper truth or reveal hidden complexities. Paradoxes often challenge our understanding of concepts, systems, or reasoning, and can lead to the reevaluation or refinement of established ideas or theories.

    There are many types of paradoxes, including logical paradoxes, mathematical paradoxes, and philosophical paradoxes. Some well-known examples include the liar paradox, the barber paradox, Zeno’s paradoxes, and the grandfather paradox. Paradoxes can be used as thought experiments, as tools for exploring philosophical ideas, or as a means to identify gaps or inconsistencies in our understanding of the world.


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