A paradox is a statement that apparently contradicts itself and yet might be true (or false at the same time). It can also consist of two or more propositions, each of which, when considered alone, is supported by apparently sound arguments but which, when considered together, turn out to be mutually contradictory.[1]

This page also lists some dilemmas. A dilemma (Greekδίλημμα “double proposition“) is a problem offering two possibilities, neither of which is unambiguously acceptable or preferable.


[1] Stent, G. S. (2002) Paradoxes of free will American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia.

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